Census 2019 in Kenya – 1st data- overview on youth, livestock , housing and more

In 2019, Kenya launched its first digital census. Here some data published at the Kenyanwallstreet, Feb. 2020. The statistics are really interesting:

The Kenyan population pyramid

the population grew by 26% from 37.7 million in 2009 to 47.6 million in 2019

The total urban population makes up 31.1% of Kenyans, totaling 14.83 million. Nairobi city ranks highest in urban population with 4.397 million, Mombasa 1.208 million, Nakuru 570,674 ,Kisumu 440,891 ,and Eldoret 475,716

39% of Kenya youth are unemployed

– the rural population comprises 32,732, 596 making up 68.9% of the population. The population pyramid for rural areas shows a wide base concentrated among population aged below 15 years

-Homeownership stood at 61.3%, while 38.7% of the population reports occupying rented/provided dwelling units.

more than a third (34.2%) of households in the country had access to piped drinking water, 51.2% use covered pit latrine as a sanitation facility.

55.1% of Kenyans use firewood as cooking fuel with LPG accounting for 23.9%, while 50.4% reported using electricity as the main source of lighting followed by solar (19.3%).

-The most populous counties were listed as; Nairobi, Kiambu, Nakuru, Kakamega and Bungoma:

Nairobi – 4,397,073
Kiambu – 2,417,735
Nakuru – 2,162,202
Kakamega – 1,867,579
Bungoma – 1,670,570

Children (0-14 years) were 18,541,982(39.0 per cent) in 2019 compared to 16,571,877 (43 per cent) in 2009.


Questions on the six domains of disability (visual, hearing, mobility, cognition, selfcare and communication) were asked of persons aged five years and above while that of albinism was administered to everyone.

918,270 people aged 5 years and above had a disability. More females (523,883) than males (394,330) had disabilities. The common types of disability were mobility (385,417) followed by visual (333,520). A total of 9,729 persons had albinism.


Total agricultural land operated by households stood at 10.3 million hectares, equivalent to 17.5 per cent of the total land area in the country. 

Of the total enumerated households, 6.4 million were practicing agriculture. Households growing crops were 5.6 million while those practicing irrigation were 369,679. In total, 5.1 million households were engaged in maize cultivation followed by 3.6 million cultivating beans.

Livestock keeping was practiced by 4.7 million households while aquaculture and fishing activities were practiced by 29,325 and 109,640 households, respectively.


The 2019 KPHC data showed that 80.3 per cent of the households occupied dwelling units that had iron sheet as the main roofing material followed by concrete/cement at 8.2 per cent. 

Can you help?

Is there anyone who could help with the data on people with albinism? Please contact.

The dominant material used for wall construction was mud/cow dung at 27.5 per cent followed by stone with lime/cement at 16.5 per cent. Dwelling units
with concrete walls accounted for 16.3 per cent of the total.

More info at



Very detailed here at KNBS

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